About Me

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Email: pbutton AT tulane DOT edu

patrickbutton.youcanbook.me

Twitter: @ProfPButton

LinkedIn              Google Scholar

RePEc                  ORCiD

 Publons               

ResearchGate (ungated papers) 

NBER Working Papers

IZA Working Papers

I am an Associate Professor of Economics at Tulane University and the Executive Director of the new Data Hub: Tulane Center for Data Literacy.

I am also a Faculty Research Fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research, a Research Affiliate at the IZA Institute of Labor Economics, and an invited researcher with J-PAL North America.

I primarily research discrimination, focusing especially on age and disability, but also sexual orientation, gender identity, race, and ethnicity. I research discrimination two ways:

(1) I quantify discrimination using audit field experiments.

I previously studied hiring discrimination against older workers using resume experiments, where we applied for jobs as younger and older workers to study age discrimination in hiring. I am currently researching sexual orientation and race discrimination in access to mortgages, and gender identity, race, ethnicity, and health insurance status discrimination in access to mental healthcare appointments. 

(2) I determine the effects of discrimination laws. 

I use variation in time and across states in employment discrimination laws to see if these laws improve employment and hiring, primarily for older workers and individuals with disabilities. I also study how these discrimination laws affect Social Security Disability Insurance application.

 

In other research, I quantified the (lack of) economic impacts of tax incentives for the film industry, by comparing filming location choice, employment, and business growth in the film industry and related industries after states adopted these aggressive subsidies.

My research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the National Institute of Aging, the Sloan Foundation, the Social Security Administration, the Haynes Foundation, and the Borchard Center for Law and Aging, among others.

 
 

Research

Topics:    Research In Progress

Effects of Recessions and COVID-19 on Older Workers

Age Discrimination in Employment

Effects of Disability Employment Discrimination Laws

Other Research on Discrimination 

Tax Incentives for the Film Industry

Research on Teaching

Other Research

Notes: * = Student / post-doc co-author

  The links in paper titles go to the published work, which is often gated (requires payment or a subscription to access).

  I provide links underneath each publication for free, ungated/pre-publication versions.

  You can find all my ungated papers on ResearchGate as well. If you can't find something, then email me.

In Progress

 

Harrell, Benjamin,* Luca Fumarco,* Patrick Button, David Schwegman, and Kyla Denwood*. 2023. “The Initial Onset of COVID-19 Reduced

Access to Mental Health Care: Evidence from an Audit Field Experiment.”(Tentative Title). Forthcoming in the AEA Papers and Proceedings (invited AEA P&P Session).

Button, Patrick, Luca Fumarco*, Benjamin Harrell*, and David Schwegman. 2020. “Discrimination in Access to Mental Health Care:  Evidence

from an Audit Field Experiment.” (Putting the experiment into the field in November. See NBER Working Paper No. 28164 for the pilot study.)

Button, Patrick, David Schwegman, Javiera Selman,* Tran Nguyen-Phuong, and Cathy Balfe*. “Sexual Orientation Discrimination in Mortgage

Lending: An Audit Field Experiment."(Putting the experiment into the field in August. See Balfe et al., 2022 for the pilot study.)

Gaddis, S. Michael, Patrick Button, and Charles Crabtree. "Methodological Advances in Correspondence Audits."

 

Effects of Recessions and COVID-19 on Older Workers

Bui, Truc T. M.*, Patrick Button, and Elyce G. Picciotti*. 2020. "Early Evidence on the Impacts of COVID-19 and the Recession on Older

Workers." Public Policy & Aging Report, 30(4): 154-159. (Open Access)

Related: NBER Working Paper No. 27448

Neumark, David and Patrick Button. 2014. “Did Age Discrimination Protections Help Older Workers Weather the Great Recession?Journal

of Policy Analysis and Management, 33(3): 566-601.

Related: NBER Working Paper, Executive Summary (SF Fed Letter), Pre-Publication Version, Data and Replication Code

Age Discrimination in Employment

Burn, Ian, Patrick Button, Luis Munguia Corella,* and David Neumark. 2022. "Older Workers Need Not Apply? Ageist Language in Job Ads

and Age Discrimination in Hiring." Journal of Labor Economics, 40(3): 613-67.

Related: Online Appendix, Pre-Publication VersionNBER Working Paper

Button, Patrick, Mashfiqur Khan,* and Mary Penn*. 2022. "Do Stronger Employment Discrimination Protections Decrease Reliance on Social

Security Disability Insurance? Evidence from the Social Security Reforms." Journal of the Economics of Ageing, 22: 100370.

Related: Online Appendix, Pre-Publication Version, Working Paper

Burn, Ian, Patrick Button, Ted Figinski, and Joanne Song McLaughlin. 2020. "Why Retirement, Social Security, and Age Discrimination Policies

Need to Consider the Intersectional Experiences of Older Women." Public Policy & Aging Report, 30(3): 101-106. (Open Access)

Related: NBER Working Paper

Button, Patrick. 2020. “Population Aging, Age Discrimination, and Age Discrimination Protections at the 50th Anniversary of the Age

Discrimination in Employment Act.” In Czaja, Sara J., Joseph Sharit, and Jacquelyn James (Eds.). Current and Emerging Trends in Aging and Work. Springer: New York.

Related: Pre-Publication VersionNBER Working Paper, EEOC Testimony

Neumark, David, Ian Burn, Patrick Button, and Nanneh Chehras. 2019. “Do State Laws Protecting Older Workers from Discrimination Reduce

Age Discrimination in Hiring? Evidence from a Field Experiment.” Journal of Law and Economics, 62(2): 373-402.

Related: Online Appendix, Pre-Publication Version, Data, NBER Working Paper

Neumark, David, Ian Burn, and Patrick Button. 2019. “Is it Harder for Older Workers to Find Jobs? New and Improved Evidence from a Field

Experiment.” Journal of Political Economy, 127(2): 922-970.

Related: Online AppendixPre-Publication Version, AEA P&P PaperData, NBER Working Paper, Executive Summary (SF Fed Letter)

Neumark, David, Joanne Song, and Patrick Button. 2017. Does Protecting Older Workers from Discrimination Make It Harder to Get Hired?

Evidence from Disability Discrimination Laws.” Research on Aging, 39(1): 29-63.

Related: Pre-Publication Version, NBER Working Paper

Neumark, David and Patrick Button. 2014. “Did Age Discrimination Protections Help Older Workers Weather the Great Recession?Journal

of Policy Analysis and Management, 33(3): 566-601.

Related: Pre-Publication VersionNBER Working Paper, Executive Summary (SF Fed Letter)Data and Replication Code

Effects of Disability Employment Discrimination Laws

Button, Patrick, Mashfiqur Khan,* and Mary Penn*. 2022. "Do Stronger Employment Discrimination Protections Decrease Reliance on Social

Security Disability Insurance? Evidence from the Social Security Reforms." Journal of the Economics of Ageing, 22: 100370.

Related: Online Appendix, Pre-Publication Version, Working Paper

Neumark, David, Ian Burn, Patrick Button, and Nanneh Chehras. 2019. “Do State Laws Protecting Older Workers from Discrimination Reduce

Age Discrimination in Hiring? Evidence from a Field Experiment.” Journal of Law and Economics, 62(2): 373-402.

Related: Online Appendix, Pre-Publication Version, Data, NBER Working Paper

Button, Patrick. 2018. “Expanding Employment Discrimination Protections for Individuals with Disabilities: Evidence from California.”

ILR Review, 71(2): 365-93.

Related: Online Appendix, Pre-Publication Version

Armour, Philip, Patrick Button, and Simon Hollands*. 2018. “Disability Saliency and Discrimination in Hiring.” AEA Papers and Proceedings,

108: 262-66.

Related: Pre-Publication Version

Neumark, David, Joanne Song, and Patrick Button. 2017. Does Protecting Older Workers from Discrimination Make It Harder to Get Hired?

Evidence from Disability Discrimination Laws.” Research on Aging, 39(1): 29-63.

Related: Pre-Publication Version, NBER Working Paper

Other Research on Discrimination

Balfe, Cathy*, Patrick Button, Mary Penn*, and David Schwegman. 2022 “Infrequent Identity Signals and Detection Risks in Audit

Correspondence Studies.” Forthcoming in Field Methods.

Related: Pre-Publication Version, NBER Working Paper

Button, Patrick, E Dils*, Luca Fumarco*, Benjamin Harrell*, and David Schwegman. 2020. “Gender Identity, Race, and

Ethnicity Discrimination in Access to Mental Health Care: Preliminary Evidence from a Multi-Wave Audit Field Experiment.” NBER Working Paper  No. 28164.

Button, Patrick, and Brigham Walker. 2020. “Employment Discrimination Against Indigenous Peoples in the United States: Evidence from a

Field Experiment.” Labour Economics 65(4): 101851. 

Related:  Pre-Publication Version, NBER Working PaperRegistered Pre-Analysis Plan

Tax Incentives for the Film Industry

Button, Patrick. 2021. “Can Tax Incentives Create a Local Film Industry? Evidence from Louisiana and New Mexico.” Journal of Urban

Affairs, 43(5): 658-84.

Related: Pre-Publication Version

Button, Patrick. 2019. “Do Tax Incentives Affect Business Location and Economic Development? Evidence from State Film Incentives.”

Regional Science and Urban Economics, 77: 315-339.

Related: Online Appendix, Pre-Publication VersionNBER Working Paper, Data

Research on Teaching

Button, Patrick, LaPorchia Collins, Augustine Denteh, Benjamin Harrell*, Elliott Isaac, Monica Garcia-Perez, and Engy Ziedan. 2021. “Teaching

Controversial and Contemporary Topics in Economics Using a Jigsaw Literature Review Activity.” Journal of Economic Education, 52(4): 286-295.

Related: Pre-Publication Version

Button, Patrick, LaPorchia Collins, Augustine Denteh, Benjamin Harrell*, Elliott Isaac, Monica Garcia-Perez, and Engy Ziedan. 2021. “Can a

Jigsaw Literature Review Activity Help Students Engage with Economics Journal Articles?” Working Paper.

Other Research

Johnson, Lindsay,* Michael Spanbauer,* and Patrick Button. 2019. “How Valuable are National Parks? Evidence from a Proposed National

Park Expansion in Alaska.” Journal of Parks and Recreation Administration, 37(2): 1-25.

Related: Pre-Publication Version

Button, Patrick. 2018. “A Replication of 'Do Voters Affect or Elect Policies? Evidence from the U.S. House' (The Quarterly Journal of

Economics, 2004).” Public Finance Review, 46(5): 886-93.

Related: Non-condensed (and ungated) version

 

Button, Patrick. 2016. “Model Uncertainty and Model Averaging in Regression Discontinuity Designs.” Journal of Econometric Methods, 5(1):

103-16.

Related: Pre-Publication Version

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Teaching

Urban Economics (ECON 3320)

Labor Economics (ECON 3810)

PhD Econometrics III (ECON 7175)

Economics of Discrimination
(ECON 4970/6970)

Urban economics studies how economics applies to geography, such as issues at regional or local levels. Topics covered include finding and using geographical data, crime, agglomeration, policing, racial bias, economic development incentives, housing, and neighborhood effects. Students will also learn the intuition behind how economists analyze policies or programs using statistical analysis. Syllabus

Labor economics studies labor markets. Topics covered include finding and using population and labor force data, labor supply, labor demand, economic models of the labor market, employment discrimination, and labor market policies (e.g., EITC, minimum wage). The course will also include a short introduction to using STATA to conduct research in labor economics. Students will also learn the intuition behind how economists analyze policies or programs using statistical analysis. Syllabus

Spring 2024

The course covers methodologies that would be in any empirical microeconomist's “toolbox”. These include regression control, instrumental variables, experiments, panel methods, difference-in-differences, and regression discontinuity design. The course will cover the basic theory, applications, and best practices. Students will put this into practice with actual data sets and applications, using STATA. Syllabus

Fall 2022

 

GET IN TOUCH

6823 St. Charles Avenue, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70118

pbutton AT tulane DOT edu

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